aluminum wheels
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Demand remains soft for secondary aluminum grades

The seminconductor shortage in the auto sector continues to weigh on these grades.

September 19, 2021

Secondary aluminum scrap demand and pricing continue to be weighed down by the semiconductor shortage affecting the automotive sector.

A nonferrous trader with a scrap processing company based in the Northeast says demand for secondary aluminum scrap is not as strong as demand for primary grades of scrap. This has been the trend throughout much of 2021 as the automotive industry has had constraints imposed on its production in light of the semiconductor shortage, affecting its demand for cast aluminum products made from secondary aluminum.

Colin Denihan, vice president of Wabash, Indiana-based Metal Source, which operates scrap yards and produces 356 aluminum sow and ingot, de-ox products and 380 aluminum sow and ingot, says demand has been consistent for the grades of aluminum his company procures and consumes. He says Metal Source consumes aluminum wheels, engines, old cast, turnings and foundry dross, adding that the company is “pretty competitive” in terms of pricing. 

Denihan says he sees spreads widening for these secondary grades in the last quarter of the year in light of the ongoing chip shortage. “A lot of our contracts are taking the minimum. The spot market pricing isn’t as attractive based on the automotive demand. We’ve put ourselves in a pretty good position because a lot of our deals are done.”

He says export demand for aluminum scrap is strengthening, adding that it’s stronger than it has been in the last three months as of mid-September. “They need scrap,” Denihan says. “They are nervous with this price run. They are trying to source anything with silicon or that is a prime equivalent, not just secondary grades.”

In the domestic market, the contact based in the Northeast says, “UBC (used beverage can) pricing is great, but there are very few delivery appointments.

“Everyone’s eyes were too big a few months ago, so now the delivery windows are tight with tighter grading,” the trader says of aluminum scrap consumers. “I think it’s mostly a factor of capacity constraints and they bought too much fearing being left out of the market.”

He says export markets are still looking for red metals and aluminum grades that are difficult to move domestically. “It’s a boon for peddler yards,” the trader adds.

Wire grades have a number of domestic homes now that processors have expanded their capabilities to process this material in response to import restrictions that China imposed in the last decade.

Nonferrous scrap generation has been ticking upward slowly, the trader says, though demolition activity is showing signs of softening. “Demo [scrap] is waning as we get closer to winter. It’s mostly seasonal around here.”

The movement of material is being hampered by ongoing issues in the trucking sector, and high costs are eating into scrap processors' profits.

“If you primarily rely on third-party carriers, you’re getting killed right now,” the nonferrous trader says. He says it’s easier to absorb the high costs when shipping high-value copper or nickel/stainless scrap. “Aluminum, not so much. It hurts.”

The trader based in the Northeast adds that the number of dropped loads has increased while pricing has increased 50 percent over the last nine months.

Denihan says freight is a considerable factor for his company these days when it comes to procuring metal. Like the trader in the Northeast, he also points to rising costs, tight availability and dropped loads. “Logistics has been a huge struggle for everybody I would say.”